Richard White1, Stephen Abel2, Shaakir Hasan2, Vivek Verma2, Tulika Ranjan3, Stephen M. Karlovits2, Rodney E Wegner2*
1Allegheny Health Network, Department of Internal Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
2Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute, Division of Radiation Oncology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
3Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute, Division of Neuro Oncology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Glioblastoma (GBM) carries an abysmal prognosis. Current standard of care involves an aggressive multimodality approach including surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiation. Despite this approach, overall survival remains poor and treatment approaches continue to evolve. Given the successes of immunotherapy in other disease sites, implementation in GBM management may improve outcomes. We conducted this retrospective National Cancer Database (NCDB) study to analyze treatment trends and outcomes from 2004-2015 regarding immunotherapy for GBM and queried for patients diagnosed between 2004-2015 with GBM and excluded patients treated without surgery, extracranial radiation, or chemotherapy as well as those lost to follow up.
Of the 39,317 eligible patients in this study, 511 were treated with immunotherapy and 38,806 lack thereof. Median overall survival for all patients was 15 months with a 2 and 5 year survival rate of 29% and 8%, respectively. Factors positively influencing delivery of immunotherapy included younger age, higher income, facility location in a metropolitan location, greater distance to the treatment facility, treatment at an academic facility, treatment outside of the years 2007 to 2009, and Caucasian race. On propensity matched analysis, survival was 18 months and 17 months with and without immunotherapy, respectively (p=0.15). Higher comorbidity, lower income, and male gender predicted for worse survival.
The results of the NCDB analysis showed an initial decrease and then increase in the use of immunotherapy in the management of GBM. Propensity-matched analyses did not show an overall survival benefit.
DOI: 10.29245/2578-3009/2019/2.1170 View / Download Pdf View Full Text